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Don’t have your Recovery phrase?

Before you can update your device, you need to make sure that your Recovery sheet is easily accessible, as a precautionary measure. Having your Recovery phrase ensures full access to your crypto assets, regardless of any issues you may encounter during the firmware update process.

What is the Recovery phrase and why is it so important?

Your 24-word Recovery phrase serves as a backup to your crypto assets. As long as you have your Recovery phrase, you will always be able to regain access to your crypto assets. You can restore any Ledger device from your Recovery phrase to recover the wallet configuration and access your funds. Learn how to restore your Ledger device from your Recovery phrase in this article.

This is why it is so important that you store your Recovery sheet in a secure location. Anyone with access to your Recovery phrase can take your crypto assets without knowing the PIN code of your device. Ledger does not store your private keys, nor ever asks for them. Learn more about the Recovery phrase in the following Ledger Academy article: What is a Recovery Phrase?

Not sure that your Recovery phrase is correct?

If you’re not sure that you have correctly written down your Recovery phrase, you can use the Recovery Check app in Ledger Live. The Recovery Check app developed by Ledger allows you to verify that the Recovery phrase has been written without any error in spelling or word order. 

To learn how to install the Recovery Check app and check your Recovery phrase, refer to the following article: Recovery Check.

Lost your Recovery phrase? 

If you lost your Recovery phrase but still remember your PIN code, you can unlock your Ledger device with the PIN code and manage your crypto assets. However, it is highly recommended to quickly send all your crypto assets to temporary accounts and generate a new set of 24 words since the Recovery phrase is the only backup to your crypto assets. 

1- Send your crypto assets to temporary accounts 

Send all your crypto assets to existing or temporary safe accounts. It can be accounts created on an exchange service, a software wallet, or any account linked to another hardware wallet.

2- Reset your Ledger device 

Resetting the device removes all private keys, applications, and settings from your Ledger device. The device can either be reset from its settings menu or by entering three incorrect PIN codes when unlocking it. Please choose one of the two options below:

Reset from device settings
  1. Hold both buttons to access the Control Center.
  2. Navigate to Security and press both buttons to validate.
  3. Choose Reset all by pressing both buttons.
  4. Read the warning by pressing the right button to continue.
  5. Press both buttons to Reset all.
  6. Enter your PIN code to confirm. Your device will then be reset.
Reset from PIN code
  1. Turn on your Ledger device.
  2. Enter an incorrect PIN code three times in a row.
  3. The device will reset after the third incorrect attempt as a security measure.

3- Set up your device as a new device

Setting up your Ledger device as a new device will generate a new Recovery phrase. 

  1. Turn on your Ledger device.
  2. Select the option Set up as new device.
  3. Choose your PIN code.
    A new Recovery phrase will be displayed.
  4. Write down your new Recovery phrase on your Recovery sheet. You can download a new Recovery sheet to print here.

For step-by-step instructions, refer to the following article: Set up as new device (Ledger Nano X / Ledger Nano S).

4- Update your device firmware

It is highly recommended to update your device to the latest firmware version to benefit from the optimal security level and user experience offered by our products.

  1. Make sure you have updated Ledger Live through the notification banner or downloaded the latest version of Ledger Live.
  2. In the Manager, click on the blue Update firmware button.

You have started the firmware update: the update will be downloaded and the update process will continue automatically.

For step-by-step instructions, consult the following article: Update Ledger Nano firmware (Ledger Nano X / Ledger Nano S).

5- Transfer back your crypto assets

You can now transfer back your crypto assets to your newly configured and updated Ledger device. Your crypto assets will be secured by your new Recovery phrase generated by your Ledger device.

Since your Recovery phrase is a full backup to your crypto assets, make sure to store your Recovery sheet in a secure location.