Restore from recovery phrase

Restore a Ledger Nano S device from your recovery phrase to restore, replace or backup your Ledger hardware wallet. The Ledger Nano S will recover the private keys backed up by your confidential recovery phrase.

Alternatively, set up as a new device to generate new private keys and write down a new recovery phrase.

What you'll need

  • Ledger Nano S with the supplied micro-USB cable.
  • Get the recovery phrase to restore. BIP39/BIP44 recovery phrases are supported.
  • A computer with at least Windows 8 (64-bit), macOS 10.8, or Linux.
  • The Ledger Live application downloaded and installed.


Ledger Live features interactive setup instructions. Simply open the app to get started.

Step 1. Restore from recovery phrase
  1. Connect the Ledger Nano S to your computer using the micro USB/USB cable.
  2. Press both buttons simultaneously as instructed on the device.
  3. Press the left button located above the cancel icon when asked Configure as new device?
  4. Press the right button located above the validation icon to select Restore a configuration?
Step 2. Choose your PIN code

The length of the required PIN code varies:

      • Firmware version 1.3 or higher requires a PIN code between 4 and 8 digits long;
      • Firmware version 1.2 or lower requires a 4-digit PIN code.

To set your PIN code:

  1. Press both buttons when Choose a PIN code is shown on the device.
  2. Press the left or right button to select a digit. Press both buttons to validate a digit.
  3. Select checkmark-icon.png to confirm your PIN code of 4 to 8 digits. Select backspace-icon.png to erase a digit.
  4. Enter the PIN code again to confirm it.

  Security tips

  • Choose your own PIN code. This code unlocks your device.
  • Use 8 digits for optimal security.
  • Never use a device supplied with a PIN code and/or a recovery phrase.
  • Contact Ledger Support in case of doubt.
Step 3. Enter your recovery phrase
  1. Choose the length of your recovery phrase (12, 18 or 24 words). Press both buttons to validate.
    Make sure the correct recovery phrase length is selected. Always enter all words of a recovery phrase.
  2. Enter the first letters of Word #1 by selecting them with the right or left button. Press both buttons to validate each letter.
  3. Choose Word #1 from the suggested words. Press both buttons to validate it.
  4. Repeat the process until the last word of your recovery phrase.
  5. Your device is ready is shown once you've successfully completed the setup process.

  Security tips

  • Anyone with access to your recovery phrase could take your assets. Store it securely.
  • Ledger does not keep a backup of your 24 words. Ensure you are the only holder.
  • Never use a device supplied with a recovery phrase and/or a PIN code.
  • Contact Ledger Support in case of doubt.
Invalid recovery phrase?
  • Make sure the correct recovery phrase length is selected. Always enter all words of a recovery phrase.
  • Verify that the order of the words entered on the device matches the order on your Recovery sheet.
  • Check that all the words of your recovery phrase are on the BIP39 word list.

Next steps

You've successfully restored the private keys linked to the recovery phrase on your device.

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